2017, Cilt 33, Sayı 1, Sayfa(lar) 008-015
The effect of stomach’s different fullness levels on the topography of intestines in New Zealand rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus L.)
Özcan Özgel, Emine Karakurum, Yasin Demiraslan, Mevlüt Aykut
Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Anatomy, Burdur, Turkey
Keywords: Topography, Stomach, Rabbit, Intestines

Aim: The objective of the present study was examining the effect of stomach’s different fullness levels on the topography of abdominal organs in rabbits.

Materials and Methods: Rabbits were divided into 3 groups, each of which consisting of 8 rabbits. 6 rabbits of those in each group with the same fullness level (3x2) were dissected. Paramedian and transversal sections were taken from this 3 groups.

Results: It was observed that when the stomach was empty, duodenum’s beginning was on the ending level of arcus costales in New Zealand rabbits. When the stomach was full, it was pushed from pyloris towards the cranial. Cecum was observed to be in contact with right abdominal wall on the right side of the abdominal cavity as contacting uterus between stomach’s curvatura ventriculi major and pelvis cavity entry in ventral abdominal cavity in rabbits with empty stomachs. In rabbits with full stomachs, cecum was determined to extend caudally contacting right abdominal wall and it was located under the right side of curvatura ventriculi major. Colon was found to start as ampulla coli between the folds of cecum in region umbilicalis in rabbits with empty stomachs; whereas, it was located as being contacted with the ventral wall of abdominal cavity in a position passing the left part of median level in right and ventral part of the abdominal cavity in rabbits with full stomachs.

Conclusion: It may be convcluded that fullness of the stomach effects on intestines in the cross-sectional anatomy of the normal abdominal region in the rabbit.