2019, Cilt 35, Sayı 3, Sayfa(lar) 165-169
Detection of Leishmania infantum seropositivity in dogs by ELISA technique in Thrace region of Turkey
Sezai Arslan1, Taraneh Öncel2, Kudret Yenilmez3, Nesrin Turan4
¹Tekirdağ Namık Kemal Üniversitesi, Veteriner Fakültesi, İç Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, Tekirdağ, Türkiye
2Pendik Veteriner Kontrol Enstitüsü, Paraziter Teşhis Laboratuvarı, İstanbul, Türkiye
3Tekirdağ Namık Kemal Üniversitesi, Veteriner Fakültesi, Doğum ve Jinekoloji Anabilim Dalı, Tekirdağ, Türkiye
4Pendik Veteriner Kontrol Enstitüsü, Serolojik Teşhis Laboratuvarı, İstanbul, Türkiye
Keywords: Leishmania infantum, Dog, ELISA, Thrace Region, Turkey
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Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of anti-Leishmania infantum (L. infantum) antibodies in stray dogs in some temporary animal shelters in Thrace region of Turkey.

Materials and Methods: Material of study included a total of 184 dogs in the Thrace region. (Çanakkale/Gelibolu, Edirne/ Uzunköprü, Kırklareli/Center, İstanbul/Silivri and Tekirdağ/ Süleymanpaşa. Detection of antibodies to L. infantum was performed by Enzyme-Linked Immuno-Sorbent Assay (ELISA) technique.

Results: Of the 184 dog serum samples examined for anti-L. infantum antibodies, 16 were seropositive (8,7%) and 168 (91,3%) were seronegative. While there was no positivity in Çanakkale/Gelibolu and Kırklareli/Center, 13,9%, 12,1% and 4% of the examined dogs were found seropositive in İstanbul/ Silivri, Edirne/Uzunköprü and Tekirdağ/Süleymanpaşa, respectively. It was found that seropositivity rate was not related to sex and the rate of seropositivity was increased in dogs older than 4 years in this study.

Conclusion: It was concluded that Leishmaniasis is an important zoonotic disease for human and dog health and it would be appropriate to investigate vector Phelebotomus species in the Thrace region.