2020, Cilt 36, Sayı 4, Sayfa(lar) 317-323
Creatine kinase activity in the assessment of muscle injuries following lateral recumbency and standing restraint positions for rumenotomy in Kano-Brown Goats
Abubakar Mshelia Saidu1, Samuel Tanko Fadason2, Gabriel Enenche Ochube2, Sani Adamu3
1Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
2Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria
3Department of Veterinary Pathology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria
Keywords: Creatine kinase, rumenotomy, restraint, ELISA, goats
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Aim: The study was to evaluate and establish the comparative advantages offered by two conventional lateral recumbence rumenotomy techniques and a locally fabricated mobile small ruminant chute for standing position rumenotomy based on the profiles of creatine kinase activity.

Materials and Methods: Eighteen (of n = 24) Kano-Brown goats (KBGs) of both sexes diagnosed of rumen foreign body impaction (RFBI) were allocated to groups A, B and D. Goats in groups A and B underwent rumen skin clamp fixation (RSCF) and stay suture rumenotomy (SSR) techniques respectively, while on lateral recumbency. Goats in group D underwent rumenotomy while on standing restraint using fabricated mobile small ruminant surgical chute (MSRSC). The six other KBGs that are free of RFBI served as control (Group C). Blood were collected via the jugular veins at Pre, 0, 5, 24, 48, 72 hours and at weeks 1, 2 and 3 to harvest serum that were stored at -200C until creatine kinase activity ELISA.

Results: Mean creatine kinase activity in group D (388.66 ± 28.11 U/L) was significantly (p<0.05) lower than the value in group A (924.55 ± 254.66 U/L) in the mixed-sex. Males of group A (1148.09 ± 438.94 U/L) was significantly higher (p< 0.05) than group B (459.56 ± 84.16 U/L) and D (503.60 ± 23.37 U/L).

Conclusion: Standing restraint rumenotomy had no significant alterations in the creatine kinase activity, thus; suggests it could be adopted in small ruminants.