2007, Cilt 23, Sayı 3-4, Sayfa(lar) 075-083
The Macroanatonıy of External Iliac and Femoral Arteries İn Angora Rabbit
Sadullah BAHAR, M. Orhun DAYAN, Durmuş BOLAT, Sadettin TIPIRDAMAZ
Selcuk Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi, Anatomi Anabilim Dalı, KONYA
Keywords: Angora rabbit. External Iliac artery. Femoral artery. Anatomy
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The aim of this study was determined the arterial vascularization of hind limb of Angora rabbit and compared the results with other domestic animals. Material and method: In this study, 10 aduit Angora rabbits (5 male, 5 female) were used. To show vascufar system of hind limb, cadaveric injection was made by using latex. Result: It was determined that external iliac artery originated from common Iliac artery under lumbosacral joint and gave off pudendoepigastric trunk near the inguinal ligament. After this course, it gave off deep femoral artery at beginning of femoral canal and continued its route being femoral artery It was observed that pudendoepigastric trunk gave branches, caudal epigastric artery which supplied abdominal muscles and external pudendal artery which supplied inguinal mamma and scrotum. Deep femoral artery, afier short course from Its origin, was called middle circumflex femoral artery and supplied to proximal part of gracilis, adductor and flexor muscles. Femoral artery branched off lateral circumflex femoral, superficial caudal epigastric and proximal caudal femoral arteries onto proximal part of the femur and dlstally saphenous, middle and distal caudal femoral arteries before continuing as poplitea) artery. Lateral circumflex femoral artery gave branches which were ascending, descending and transversal rami to supply quadriceps femoris, tensor fasciae latae and partially middle and superficial gluteal muscles. Caudal superficial epigastric artery vascularized cutis and subcutis of inguinal region. It was observed that proximal caudal femoral artery supplied gracilis, long and short adductor muscles by sending thin branches. Distal caudal femoral artery was divided into three branches, first branch supplied to biceps lemons muscle, second branch vasculanzed distal one third of semimembranosus, middle part of caudal abductor crural muscle and popliteal lymph node, the last branch spread out gastrocnemius, distal part of caudal abductor crural, superficial flexor digital muscles and common calcaneal tendo. Consequently, it was determined that origin, course and vascularization area of the external iliac artery and Its branches showed fairly similar properties to New Zealand white rabbits. Because of these similarities, all angiologlc applications on the New Zealand white Rabbits can be done also In Angora Rabbits.