pISSN:1309 - 6958       eISSN:2146 - 1953
2016, Cilt 32, Sayı 2, Sayfa(lar) 101-108
Determining demographic characteristics of breeders and their knowledge of reproduction, herd health and hygiene issues in dairy farms in Malatya
Abdurrahman Köseman1, Ali Rişvanlı2, Erdal Kaygusuzoğlu3, Nevzat Saat2, Hüseyin Korkmaz4, İbrahim Şeker5
1İnönü Üniversitesi, Akçadağ Meslek Yüksekokulu, Bitkisel ve Hayvansal Üretim Bölümü, Malatya, Türkiye
2Fırat Üniversitesi, Veteriner Fakültesi, Doğum ve Jinekoloji Anabilim Dalı, Elazığ, Türkiye
3Bingöl Üniversitesi, Veteriner Fakültesi, Doğum ve Jinekoloji Anabilim Dalı, Bingöl, Türkiye
4Akçadağ İlçe Gıda Tarım ve Hayvancılık Müdürlüğü, Malatya, Türkiye
5Fırat Üniversitesi, Veteriner Fakültesi Zootekni Anabilim Dalı, Elazığ, Türkiye
Keywords: Dairy farms, fertility, herd health, milk yield
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Aim: The aim of this research is to determine the demographic characteristics of breeders, their knowledge, skill and experience about reproduction, herd health, milking and udder hygiene as well as to find out field problems in dairy farms in Malatya.

Materials and Methods: For this purpose, face-to-face interviews are applied in 80 dairy farm owners. Random sampling method is used in these farms having 50+ head. In statistical analysis, numerical percentage and frequency for each question was separately calculated by using SPSS statistical package programme. The chi-square test is used in between frequency comparisons in the selection of questionnaire.

Results: In this study, it is identified that the ratio of estrus period from vaginal discharge is 63.8% and the ratio of first insemination heifers in the 15-16 months is 27%. It is calculated that the ratios of respondents who milking by machines, who disinfect the milking machine and the equipment, who clean the udders before and after milking is respectively 88.3%, 77.9% and 81.8%. In the present study, it is determined that there are many problems in breeding, herd health, reproduction-fertility, milking, milking parlour and udder hygiene in farms.

Conclusions: It is thought that problems can be solved by enough training. General meetings, training seminars, face-to-face trainings with the employees, controlling farms and solving the problems on time is rather significant. Moreover, farm owners are suggested to have fulltime employment of veterinarians who can solve matters immediately and ensure proper production in modern circumstances.