pISSN:1309 - 6958       eISSN:2146 - 1953
2016, Cilt 32, Sayı 2, Sayfa(lar) 084-088
Isolation and antibiotic susceptibility of microorganisms from dogs with otitis externa
Dilek Öztürk1, Faruk Pehlivanoğlu1, Hülya Türütoğlu1, Yusuf Sinan Şirin2, Ezgi Şababoğlu1
1Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi, Veteriner Fakültesi, Mikrobiyoloji Anabilim Dalı, Burdur, Türkiye
Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi, Veteriner Fakültesi, Cerrahi Anabilim Dalı, İstiklal Yerleşkesi, Burdur, Türkiye
Keywords: Otitis externa, dog, antibiotic sensitivity
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Aim: In this study, the determination of isolation of microorganisms and antibiotic susceptibility of isolated bacteria in ear swab samples collected from dogs with otitis externa were aimed.

Materials and Methods: In this study, 58 ear swab samples were collected from 41 dogs with otitis externa. The microorganisms were isolated from the samples and identified by conventional bacteriological methods. The antibiotic susceptibilities of the isolates were determined by agar disc diffusion method.

Results: While 64 microorganisms were isolated from 52 (88.66%) of the samples, pathogen microorganism could not be isolated from 6 (10.34%) samples. S. aureus (31.25%) was the most frequently isolated agent. Also, coagulase negative staphylococci (CNS) (14.06%), Streptococcus sp. (12.5%), Corynebacterium sp. (6.25%), Proteus sp. (4.68%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3.13%) and Candida sp. (28.13%) were isolated, respectively. All of the S. aureus, Streptococcus sp., Corynebacterium sp. and CNS isolates and 66.67% of Proteus sp. were susceptible to amoxicillin-clavulanic acid. This bacterial isolates were found susceptible 65.22%, 52.17%, 47.83%, 43.48%, and 30.43% to enrofloxacin, amoxicillin and oxytetracycline, gentamicin, trimethoprim- sulfamethoxazole and erythromycin, respectively. All P. aeruginosa isolates to enrofloxacin and gentamicin, and 50% of this isolates were susceptible to oxytetracycline.

Conclusions: The differences in antibiotic susceptibility of the bacterial isolates shows that antibiotic susceptibility tests is necessary for treatment of dogs with otitis externa and yeasts should not be overlooked, due to high rates of Candida sp. isolation.