pISSN:1309 - 6958       eISSN:2146 - 1953
2022, Cilt 38, Sayı 2, Sayfa(lar) 108-114
Comparison of physical meat quality properties of young and spent female quail of different genetic stock
Metin Petek1,İbrahima Mahamane Abdourhamane2, Sena Ardıçlı3
1Bursa Uludag University, Veterinary Faculty, Department of Zootechnics, Bursa, Turkey
2Near East University, Veterinary Faculty, Department of Zootechnics, Nicosia, Cyprus
3Bursa Uludag University, Veterinary Faculty, Department of Genetics, Bursa, Turkey
Keywords: Quail, line, age, meat pH, meat color
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Aim: This study was carried out to investigate the physical meat quality properties of young and spent female quail of different genetic lines.

Materials and Methods: A total of 80 random samples of fresh breast and leg meat of young and spent female quails from four genetic stock as pure line Paharaoh strain (Coturnix coturnix Pharaoh, wild type), recessive white (white) variety of Pharaoh quail, the yellow and black colored cross-line quails obtained by crossing Bob White quail (Colinus virginianus) and Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix Japonica).

Results: There was significant effect of quail age on breast and leg meat pH (p<0.008, p<0.001) and a significant genotype effect was determined on leg meat pH (p<0.01). The water holding capacity of breast meat was significantly affected by genetic stock and slaughter age (p<0.001, p<0.019). The genetic stock had significant effects on the lightness and chroma values of leg and breast meat of quail (p<0.001, p<0.001).

Conclusion: In conclusion, black colored cross-line variety of quail and young birds had greater values of most meat quality characteristics than the other birds.