pISSN:1309 - 6958       eISSN:2146 - 1953
2016, Cilt 32, Sayı 1, Sayfa(lar) 052-054
Nutritional cardiomyopathy in a young camel (C. dromedarius)
Özgür Özdemir1, Mustafa Kemal Çiftçi1, Fatih Hatipoğlu1, Mustafa Ortatatlı1, Orhan Yavuz2, Özgür Kanat3
1Selçuk Üniversitesi, Veteriner Fakültesi, Patoloji Anabilim Dalı, Konya, Türkiye
2Aksaray Üniversitesi, Veteriner Fakültesi, Patoloji Anabilim Dalı, Aksaray, Türkiye
3Mustafa Kemal Üniversitesi, Veteriner Fakültesi, Patoloji Anabilim Dalı, Hatay, Türkiye
Keywords: Young camel, white-muscle disease, pathology, nutritional cardiomyopathy
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In this report, macroscopical and microscopical findings of nutritional cardiomyopathy were firstly described in a 1.5 month old female calf-camel in Turkey. At the necropsy of the young camel, which was found as dead in Konya Karatay Municipality Zoo, pale, whitish colored areas were seen on the epicardium of heart ventricules and interventricular septum. The pale areas were more prominent in the left heart ventricle. Lung was fairly volumed and dark reddish colored, and there was foamy fluid in trachea and bronchi. Mediastinal and bronchial lymph nodes were enlarged, and cut surfaces were dark red colored. Congestion in the liver and enlargement in thyroid glands were also observed. In microscopical examination of the heart muscle, hyaline degeneration, Zenker's necrosis and widespread calcification were determined. In lung, diffuse congestion and edema in alveoli were found. Mild hyperemia in sinusoids of the liver, degeneration and desquamation of lamina epithelialis, neutrophil and eosinophil granulocyte infiltration in lamina propria in small intestine were noticed too. Papillary extensions in epithelium of thyroid follicles due to epithelial hyperplasia were observed. It was concluded from these findings that inadequate nutrition probably caused white muscle disease, resulting in blood circulation disorder in lungs, in the young camel. So, it is advisable to have a vitamin and mineral supplement to animal especially within the enclosed areas like zoos.